Welcome to Bangladesh, a nation comprised of a lush matrix of rivers and deltas. It is the most densely populated agricultural nation on earth. Bangladesh is located on the Bay of Bengal in southern Asia and is infamous for its frequent floods and violent cyclones. This predominantly Muslim nation is ethnically almost homogenous, 98% are Bengalis. Other groups include Biharis. Literary giants, such as Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nasrul Islam, have emerged from the rich cultural tapestry of Bangladesh.
Team's VisionBy faith, we see the establishment of vibrant assemblies of believers who trust and care for one another and pursue God’s caring, missionary vision for their own people and for the world.
Country & Ministry Profile
Formerly East Pakistan, Bangladesh gained its independence in 1971 after a bitter civil war. Today, the combined problems of explosive population growth, natural catastrophes, and poor governance have kept this largely Muslim nation as one of the poorest in the world. It is the most densely populated agricultural nation on earth, and suffers frequent floods and cyclones. More than half of the people are illiterate, under-nourished, and underemployed. Although Bangladeshis have a tradition of religious tolerance, some segments of society promote radicalism that deprives Christian believers of access to community wells and government relief programs.
The Bible Society has published simple-language Bibles for people from both Hindu and Muslim backgrounds. The church in Bangladesh is tiny compared to the millions of people in the country.
SIM has a history of nearly 50 years of involvement in Bangladesh, pioneered by ICF (International Christian Fellowship). Opportunities for visas exist in the fields of business, TESL (Teaching English as a Second Language), theological education, vocational training, urban youth work, and community development. SIM workers are involved in running correspondence courses, arsenic alleviation, leadership training, vocational training, community development, and community health awareness training. The need for personal discipleship is widespread.
History of ChristianityWhile SIM has been in Bangladesh in recent years, Christian involvement in Bangladesh began over 200 years ago. Nevertheless, Christianity has been accepted by only a small segment of the population.
Protestant missions began with the work of William Carey in Calcutta in 1793. It expanded to the north of what is now Bangladesh in 1795 and then east to Dhaka in 1816. There were mass conversions in the central north around Mymensingh during the end of the 19th century. The Baptist Union of Bangladesh is the resulting organization from this work and from service among the people of Chittagong. The Bangladesh Baptist Fellowship began later and is a combination of ministries established by Baptists from Australia and New Zealand and Southern Baptists from the United States. Anglicans and Presbyterians (English) arrived later. Their work is combined in the Church of Bangladesh. Due to the difficulties related to the 1971 civil conflict, this work is now basically independent. The Northern Evangelical Lutheran Church has backing from Norwegian, Danish and American Lutheran bodies. The Sylhet church was founded by Presbyterians (Welsh). There are many smaller groups working in the country.
The State ReligionIslam is declared the official state religion. By most estimates, Bangladesh is 88.3% Muslim, 10.5% Hindu, and 1.2% other religions. Although Bangladeshis have a tradition of religious tolerance, some segments of society promote a more radical religion that creates difficulties for Christian believers.
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